Romans Bible Study

This page will be the place where you can review notes taken during our Wednesday Bible Study in the Book of Romans. We will try our best to update this page every Tuesday and Friday adding any new content from Sunday morning service and Wednesday night service.

Wednesday, Feb. 27, 2013

Romans 1:1-7

  • Slave = doulos (greek)
  • Lord – Kurious (greek)
  • No other option but living for God
  • We are bondservants to Jesus

Slave

  • exist only for the purpose of service
  • slaves will belong to their master
  • slaves only desire what the master desires
  • highest honor (being a slave to Jesus)

Apostle (Acts 13: 1-5; Gal. 1:15-16)

  • Sent ambassador 
  • Belongs to the one who sent him
  • commissioned to be sent out
  • authority/power of the Lord

-Before we were born all the days of our life were written

-We are chosen vessels to reveal Jesus

Prophets

  • inspired interpreters of the will and purposes of God
  • It’s the Holy Spirit that has to speak to the church

Spiritual disciplines

  • 1) Prayer, 2) Fasting, and 3) Giving of alms
  • They were fasting and praying so they could hear God
  • Don’t run out of God’s timing and let the Holy Spirit lead you
  • Grace – God’s unmerited favor

Missions

  • When you are being sent by God to do missions, know your audience
  • It’s not about what I can do, it’s about what God has already done

Incarnation

  • Jesus became what we are so we can become what He is!
  • Resurrected

Salvation – (Romans 1:16-17)

  • Soteria (greek)
  • Scriptures about what salvation is:
    • Matt. 9:21; Luke 8:36 – Healing of physical illness
    • Matt. 8:25, 14:30 – Saves us from danger
    • Acts 2:40 – Saves us from life infections
    • Matt. 8:11; Luke 19:10 – Saves us from being lost
    • Matt. 1:21 – Saves from enslavement to sin
    • Rom. 5:9 – Saves us from the wrath of God
    • Rom. 13:11; 1 Cor. 5:5, 2 Tim. 4:18, 1 Pet. 1:5 – Eschatological (end-time) events
  • Saved – rescued; rescue a man in body and soul
  • You can be consistent in the Lord i.e. not up and down all the time, oppressed, depressed, etc.

Faith

  • Loyalty (1 Thess. 1:4), enduring fidelity
  • Belief, conviction that something is true (1 Cor. 15:7)
  • Christian religion (2 Cor. 13:15)
  • Practically equivalent to indestructible hope (2 Cor. 5:7)

Wednesday, March 6, 2013

Romans 1:8-15

  • Paul wanted the church of Rome to know he heard their testimony
  • Paul didn’t want to criticize the church but wanted to encourage
    • The tongue can praise or criticize
    • Men get the best out of one another when they see that person at their person
    • Celebrate and praise people
    • Always find the good in people
    • Encourage, be warm and kind to people
    • God is trying to get to me, what is in you (and vice versa)
    • We are not an island by ourselves, we are a nation
    • A man (in terms of mankind) has a sleeping hero inside of them
    • Speak positive
    • You will only get out of a person what you think and say about them

The gospel and God’s Righteousness

  • We are bought by the Blood
  • The Blood of Jesus purchased our freedom from sin
  • What’s the gospel? (1 Corinthians 9:16, Matthew 10:28, Philippians 2:5-8)
    • The death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ
    • The gospel began long before the introduction of the New Testament in the mind and plan of God
      • 1st Prophetic Word of the Son (Genesis 3:15) – God first predicts that someone will bruise his heel by stepping on the head of the serpent
  • Paul was a slave to the gospel
  • He could only preach what God says
  • Walking out the gospel in life is to live a victorious life
  • As a servant of the gospel your body will do what your spirit says
  • The gospel subjects itself to others
    • The gospel stirs us to seek people out personally
    • The gospel stirred Paul with a deep sense of indebtedness to reach people

Wednesday, March 13, 2013

Romans 1:10-15 (cont.) – The Gospel

  • It was impossible for Paul to keep the ministry of the gospel to himself
  • Since the gospel is alive we cannot allow the enemy to keep us ignorant of God’s word
  • Paul actively sought out relationship/connection with people to have an entry for the gospel
  • Be Spirit-led when connecting with people, looking for opportunities to minister life to people
  • Pray and look for open doors to do ministry
  • We wait for others to do what we were charged and commanded to do
  • Have a big vision
  • Paul wished to impart spiritual gifts (charisma – gift of grace) to the believers in Rome (v.11)

Romans 12:6-10

  • I should always show another person love
  • If I’m not feeling love, then I need to give it out to someone else
  • Have pure motives
  • The people are like sheep, they can be led astray (prostitution of the gospel)
  • The devil is after your life
  • Paul was humble enough to be taught
  • God’s spiritual gifts establishes the believer
    • When gifts are shared, we are established through our brothers and sisters
    • My gift(s) activates and helps your gift(s) and vice versa – Even exchange
  • We need to encourage everybody, even our leaders.
  • There’s always room to grow
  • Sumparakaleo – Strengthen and console together, comforted
  • Mutual sharing among all
  • 1) Impart, 2) Encourage, 3) Bear fruit
  • When I’m a slave to sin I’m free to be unrighteous
  • We were all sinners saved by grace, so don’t get from under God’s grace
  • The wages of sin is death

Back to Romans 1:10-15

  • Paul wanted to show Christians how to live world wide vision
  • Opheiletes – to owe, obligated, bound by duty
  • Paul couldn’t keep quiet because he had the cure to sin (the gospel!)
  • Paul was ready (urgent willingness) to share the gospel

Wednesday, March 20, 2013

Romans 1:16

  • The gospel is the power of Gospel
    • How do we see the power of God
      • Divine reversals
      • miracles
      • creation
      • The earth is a revelation of God’s power
    • The power is inside of us
    • Dunamis – might, explosive power
    • It’ s the power of God to save
      • God is all-powerful (omnipotent)
      • He has chosen to use His power by sending the good news
      • His very nature is love
      • Salvation
        • Soteria (greek) – deliverance, made whole, preservation
        • must be understood and grasped
        • seeks and saves man, who is lost
        • 7 things salvation saves us from
          1. Physical illness
          2. Danger
          3. Life infections
          4. Being lost
          5. Enslavement to sin
          6. The wrath of God
          7. Eschatological Events
        • Believing the message (gospel) is the way to salvation (Romans 10:16, Isaiah 53:1)
          • 3 steps involved in faith
            1. Hearing – willing to listen to the message of Christ, comprehension and understanding
            2. Mental Assent – a man believes the message is true, but mere agreement is not enough to change behavior
            3. Commitment – man commits and yields life to truth
      • Belief and obedience are synonymous in terms of the gospel
    • The gospel is universal and for everyone
    • God’s power can change anyone

Romans 1:17

  • Righteousness
    • Mankind thinks he is righteous apart from God by basis of his deeds
    • The answer to man’s problem is faith
    • A person is not righteous in his/herself but their belief in Jesus is accepted as righteousness in God’s eyes

Wednesday, March 27, 2013

Condemnation and the need of God’s Righteousness (Romans 1:18 – 3:20)

  • Unrighteous Gentiles (Romans 1:18-32)
    • These are people without the law, “the heathen” are taught by nature and conscience, they have fallen short
  • Unrighteous Jews (Romans 2:1-3:8)
    • These people are with the law but cannot live up to it’s standards thus being guilty of the whole and in need of God’s righteousness
  • Unrighteous Mankind (Romans 3:9-20)
    • People who sin and come into the judgment of God, therefore all the world becomes guilty before God and are in need of God’s righteousness
  • A person must incur God’s wrath if they are not in right standing with God
  • Why does God get angry?
    • Principle: A law that is established to preserve and protect a thing to ensure it reaches it’s maximum performance.
    • There are inherited judgments in the law of God
    • God wants everyone to be successful
    • When we don’t obey God we bring judgment upon ourselves
    • God cannot tolerate sin
    • Man will pay for what is done in the flesh
    • Sinners find their values based on their own opinions not God’s word
  • Subjects of God’s wrath
    • Ungodly people/unrighteous
    • God’s wrath revealed from Heaven
    • asebeia (ungodly) – failed to love and obey God
    • adakia (unrighteous) – failed to love others
    • Men who hold the truth in unrighteousness (don’t live it)
    • katechonton – hold down, stifle , suppress, hinder
  • Men know the truth from 3 sources:
    1. Nature
    2. Reason and conscience
    3. Scripture
  • God’s Anger is decisive, rises from the mind. It’s good anger, hates sin and evil, wants equal justice, and is deeply felt anger
    • God’s anger in scripture:
      • Judgment – Ephesians 5:6; Colossians 3:6
      • Disobeying the Lord – John 3:34
      • Israel in the wilderness – Hebrews 3:11
      • Jesus angry at man’s hardness of heart – Mark 3:5
  • God has downloaded in us a natural law
    • We must live what we know
    • People reject their inward conscience (internal rejection)
    • People reject the outside signs of what is right (external rejection)
  • Creation reveals God’s presence and nature declares God
  • Man can see the eternal power
  • Man can see the creator is a God who cares and takes care of his creation
  • God deserves your worship
  • Man is without excuse
  • Acts 14:17; Romans 1:20, Psalm 19:1; Psalm 97:6
  • 4 reasons for God’s wrath (the rest coming next bible study)
    1. Man suppresses truth
    2. Man rejects the knowledge of God within creation

Wednesday, April 3, 2013

  • 4 reasons for God’s wrath (cont.)
    1. Man suppresses truth
    2. Man rejects the knowledge of God within Creation
    3. Man doesn’t give God praise
    4. Man makes their own God out of things they can see
  • How God executes His wrath
    • Let’s man go to their own will
    • Uncleanness
    • Vile/unnatural affections
    • Depraved mind/reprobate
    • Ensures final judgment of death

Wednesday, April 17, 2013

  • Romans 1:24-32

    • Fornication = abnormal sex
    • Wickedness = actively evil
    • Addictions, cravings of your own flesh, can become places of idolatry in your life
    • There’s nothing new under the sun
    • The enemy is constantly trying to bring unnatural affections
      • ex. Rape, abortions, sodomy, etc.
    • Every choice we make is an act of our will
    • People will only come where they can get love
    • Kingdom environment = hate the sin, love the person
    • God judges every person who destroys their bodies
    • Sin takes place in the heart first then manifests in actions

Wednesday, April 24, 2013

  • Romans 2:1; 8:1; 9:10

    • We only know what God tells us
    • God knows the heart
    • Moralist (Krino) = one concerned with regulating the morals of others through criticism, fault-finding, and condemnation
    • Nobody can condemn us
    • The devil can’t condemn you when you’ve done the right thing
    • You will reap what you sow
    • There’s no condemnation to those who are forgiven by God through believing in Jesus and his death/resurrection
    • How do we know we are judging righteously?
      • If your judgment doesn’t promote redemption then it’s not of God

 

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